Tag Archives: path to purchase

Post Modern: the new architecture of retail

No longer enough to have bricks & mortar
No longer enough to have impressive bricks & mortar

We hear the description “Post Modern” increasingly in industry chats today, especially from some of our colleagues emerging from the recent National Grocers Assn. Show in Las Vegas.

We’re not talking about the lauded design styles of masters such as Philip Johnson or Michael Graves, but of the new structural elements of shopping behavior.   In short, the Post Modern approach is the new architecture of retail, and marketers need to adapt to it…or start to crumble.

Kantar Retail details this trend in their “Retailing 2020” report, an excellent overview of some of the topics we have addressed in these posts as well, such as channel blurring, segmentation,  customer profiling, and others.

The report’s premise is that the Post-Modern period (which we are entering now) decries the end of Supercenter Era.  Hypermarts and big boxes will give way to “small, urban, ―alternative retail formats, as well as reliance on multi-format portfolios to capture future growth.”

Comparisons are made to Europe, where real estate is through the roof, chains are fewer and competition fierce, forcing retailers to be efficient and effective.  Private brands, direct to consumer advertising and more robust marketing are some of their strategies for survival.

We recently caught up with busy retail-wonk, Kantar EVP David Marcotte, who launched our fascinating discourse with the revelation:  “When clients ask me to show them who’s doing the best job in retailing today, I send them to Mexico.”

He went on to explain that Mexico has embraced the latest in digital with innovative design to deliver the experience their rising-income customers want.  (This merits its separate post:  stay tuned!)  Actually, emerging markets such as all the BRICs (Brazil, Russian, India, China and now, of course, Mexico) essentially leapfrogged to digital over the last few years from their Cro Magnon-era phone services.

Our discussion evolved into some of the key buzzwords that marketers should be familiar with in today’s Post-Modern retail architecture, such as:

  • data architecture, the art of proper intel mining skills; not just collecting it, but creating a compelling and engaging story that links the data sources.  In fact, we believe that having a compelling story to tell  customers is going to be the hallmark of successful businesses.
  • footprint no longer means the spot where the store stands, but the overall influence it has.  In fact, it may mean no store at all, or comprise multi-footprints, including digital,  etc.
  • transparency.  Shoppers are gaining (and now expecting) much greater access to the entire supply chain by following products from your plant to their place.   The good news is that info can mean higher efficiencies for manufacturers, but also result in consumers clamoring for removals of things they don’t like (i.e. the recent Subway ingredient incident )
  • wall-less retailing provides seamless channel transition and thus delightful shopping experience for the customer:  it looks like one big room full of good stuff!

A final thought on this reverts back to our premise of Post Modernism in relation to architecture:  that it  stemmed from the perceived limitati0ns of the Modern Movement that preceded it.  Folks felt that  buildings had become too stark and functional, and did not meet the human need for comfort and beauty.  It’s the same with shopping.

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SPECIAL SERIES-Post #5: Mastering Metrics

This is the fifth and final of a “back to basics” review series of the marketing process.  For series introduction, see 4/5 post.

We’ve often posted that being able to analyze and measure the effectiveness of a marketing program is critical.  We’ve also noted that industry experts say that about half of all advertising dollars spent is wasted:  the key is knowing which half (few do).  So, how do you know what works?

With most marketers today understandably concerned about keeping their jobs or clients, they may be loathe to actually find proof  their programs don’t work or have a negative ROI.  Yet knowing how to present metrics masterfully in this climate of fear can work to great competitive advantage. 

Every market researcher knows that it is not the actual study findings that count but how you present the numbers.  Statistics can be interpreted in numerous ways, and research firms are sure to present theirs in a manner that at least shows there is opportunity out there for their clients.  Or, at least they suggest a follow-up study to ensure they will be rehired…

There is also now the element of social media, where readily-available stats for websites, blogs and tweets are daily reminders of  direction.  Importantly, clients can easily access those too, so marketers are no longer the lone gatekeepers of metrics.  

In fact, the new social media metrics are a world unto themselves, with new lingo such as buzz rate (see post below re ambush marketing which beautifully illustrates this.  We’ll address the new social media metrics in a later post.  Remember:  this is a “back-to-basic” series…)

We’re also not going to address complicated econometrics and regression analyses here.  Leave those for the academicians or those pesky auditors.  

Then, there are clever analysis programs that come under the umbrella of  the “path to purchase” where each stage of the sales-actualization process is measured independently.  Good stuff for the big packaged goods guys, as many of the smaller marketers don’t have the time or tools to do this effectively.

Instead, below are some planning tools, plus analyses and metrics that  anyone can use to determine whether a marketing plan is delivering anything:

  • COST-PER-INCH ANALYSIS.  Perhaps one of our very favorites and a standard at PR agencies, it involves the counting of  total inches or minutes your product/company received in “free” publicity from press releases, feature stories, PSAs etc. sent distributed by you.  That is then coverted to actual dollars (based on the media’s highest card rate) to arrive at the savings from not actually buying that media.  Or, how we prefer to present it:  the value added to the program.  Works best if your program has no advertising component…
  • TOTAL IMPRESSIONS.  This is another one used often by PR agencies involving the addition of the total circulation, times the projected bonus readership (i.e. most  publications have what is termed “pass-along” readership).  Often marketers will call this IMPACT, using the standard equation of:  REACH + FREQUENCY = IMPACT.  This is one that only works with specific benchmarks (i.e.  you increase your goals each year).
  • COST PER STORE.  We kinda like this one if we are doing multi-store or chain programs where we can look at the store traffic count (# customers) and evaluate what it cost to post the POP, stage the demos or the promotional event. etc.   Dividing the cost of your marketing effort by the total store or traffic count can help determine which chains/stores deliver the best ROI.
  • CPU/CPM.  Standard measurement of media, the cost-per-unit  or cost-per-thousand (broadcast rate) is typically measured against sales gained via that media.  The goal is to show you spent mere cents or fractions thereof reaching your target audience. (the “which half of the ad dollars is wasted?” quandary…)  This is  traditional mass media measurement, slowing going by the wayside in the wake of social media…
  • COST PER CUSTOMER.  This is a common tool used by sales management, where the cost of servicing the customer via visits, phone calls, baseball tickets, etc.  is pitted against sales to him/her.  Then, typically strategies whether to up-sell, maintain or “divest” the customer are made. (The figure varies but most companies peg the average B2B sales call today at $500+).  Sales being a component of marketing, savvy marketers need to handle this delicately with the sales managers…
  • ACV.  We wrote about this recently:  how knowing the all-commodity volume of the market and chains you are targeting  makes clear sense before making a marketing investment.  Lots have been spent on only few,  just like some salespeople spend way too much time trying to sell widgets in Montana…(check out the state’s ACV.) Again, the key here is ensuring your efforts are in line with the potential of the market.
  • BDI/CDI.  Another potential-measurement tool is the Brand Development Index vs. Category Development Index.  This is a more complex matrix exercise where you plot, using sales data, the position of your product’s total category sales (all competitors, including you)  in the marketplace vs. your own product’s sales (your brand).  The resulting matrix illustrates whether the category is saturated or whether there is hope for your brand to grow.  More complicated, and deserves its own post, but suffice it to say that marketers should know about these tools even if they never (or pray they never) get to use them.

We hope you have found this small series of five posts helpful. (Selfishly, they will be part of a book by your blogger some time…time permitting)   Let us know if you would like some more of these series in the future and which topics are of special interest!